Russell (1829-1902) grew up in Nunda, New York but moved to Hornell in 1859 and New York City in 1860. He was a painter of landscapes, portraits, and moving panoramas. He enlisted in the Union Army as a captain in 1863 and he became a military railroad photographer. After the war he returned to New York City but in 1868 he was given an opportunity by the Union Pacific Railroad to photograph the building of the transcontinental railroad. Between 1868 and 1869 he traveled from Nebraska to California and took over 900 stereographic and 10x13 inch large-format glass-plate negatives. In 1870 Russell returned to New York City and published his own series of stereo-views with over 600 images. Later his Union Pacific negatives ended up in the hands of paymaster O.C. Smith and then Stephen Sedgwick. These two men issued their own series but did not credit Russell as the photographer. He worked from 1870 to 1880 as an illustrator and photographer for Leslie's Illustrated.
Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden (1829-1887) was a pioneer geologist and the head of various geological and geographical surveys in the West from 1867 to 1886. Hayden was raised in New York and graduated with an M.D. from the Albany Medical School in 1853. During the civil war he was a surgeon, but before the war, he spent most of his time in the West exploring and studying geology.
Collection consists of the book Sun Pictures of Rocky Mountain Scenery, with a Description of the Geographical and Geological Features, and some Account of the Resources of the Great West; Containing Thirty Photographic Views Along the Line of the Pacific Rail Road, from Omaha to Sacramento, which was published in 1870 by F.V. Hayden. This book is stored in the vault, but copy negatives and contact prints of the images are available for researcher use.
Hayden was in charge of the United States Geographical and Geological Survey and he wanted to capitalize on interest in visual images of the West and to promote the study of geology. Hayden explains in the book: "The pictures have been arranged so as to commence with the first range of mountains west of Cheyenne, and to continue thence to the Salt Lake Valley with the view that the book may be used as a guide by those who will avail themselves of the grand opportunities for geological study..." This book comes with thirty albumen photographs taken by photographer Andrew Joseph Russell that illustrate not only geological, but also man-made structures in Wyoming, Utah, and California.
Restrictions on Access : Restrictions
Open to public research.Restrictions on Use : Copyright
It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Utah State University Libraries, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.
Permission to publish material from the 'Sun Pictures of Rocky Mountain Scenery' photograph collection must be obtained from the Special Collections Photograph Curator and/or the Special Collections Department Head.Alternative Forms Available :
View selected digitized images from the Sun Pictures of Rocky Mountain Scenery photograph collection.Preferred Citation :
'Sun Pictures of Rocky Mountain Scenery' photograph collection, 1868-1870. (P0019). Utah State University. Special Collections & Archives Department.
Arrangement: Numeric by photo number.
Detailed Description of the Collection