Consists of 245 original stereo-views that were taken of sights along the Union Pacific or Central
Pacific Railroads in Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and California as well as a few general views in Utah (especially Salt Lake
City), Oregon, Idaho, Colorado, and Arizona. Also included are several Native American portraits and views of Yellowstone National
Park. Many photographers are represented in this collection including Andrew Joseph (A.J.) Russell, William Henry Jackson, Charles
William (C.W.) Carter, Carleton Watkins, John K. (Jack) Hillers, William Bell, and Eadweard Muybridge.
Utah State University. Special Collections and Archives Photograph Collection
Merrill-Cazier Library Utah State University 3000 Old Main Hill Logan, UT 84322-3000 Phone: 435 797-2663 Fax: 435 797-2880 Email: email@example.com
Material in English
Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant,
A.J. Russell (1829-1902) grew up in New York and worked as a painter and a teacher before moving to
New York City in 1859 to learn the new art of photography. During the civil war he served as a military railroad photographer for
the Union Army. After the war he returned to New York City but in 1868 he was hired by the Union Pacific Railroad to photograph
the building of the transcontinental railroad. Between 1868 and 1870 he took over 800 glass-plate negatives and thousands of
stereoview negatives. In 1870 Russell returned to New York City where he spent the rest of his career working as an artist and
photographer for Leslie's Illustrated.
William Henry Jackson began his photographic career in Omaha, Nebraska in 1867. After briefly working for another photographer, he and his
brother purchased a studio. Jackson first made a name for himself when he and his assistant Arundel Hull traveled along the newly
completed Union Pacific Railroad photographing the line, the railroad towns, and scenic wonders in 1868 and 1869. Between 1870 and
1879 he was the photographer in charge for the Hayden Survey. He was the first photographer to reach Yellowstone National Park and
his images played a part in the recognition of that area for special protection. In 1879 Jackson opened a studio in Denver,
Colorado and in 1881 he began work for the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad. In 1892 he incorporated the W.H. Jackson Photography &
Publishing company and traveled throughout the world as a photographer. In 1897 he moved to Detroit where the Detroit Publishing
Company used his images as postcards. In 1924 the company went bankrupt and Jackson moved to Washington D.C. to publish his
memoirs and paint historic western scenes.
C.W. Carter grew up in England and after converting to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, emigrated to the United States. Carter and
his wife Sarah reached Salt Lake City in 1864 where he continued the photographic practice he began in England. Carter initially worked for
C.R. Savage before starting his own studio in 1867. Over the years Carter partnered with a number of photographers including J.B. Silvis,
C.W. Symons and Mikkael Faldmo. In 1906 he sold his collection of negatives to the Salt Lake City Bureau of Information for $400.
Carleton E. Watkins moved to Sacramento California in 1851 from Oneonta, New York. He worked as a clerk and as a
carpenter before being trained by Robert Vance as a portrait daguerreotypist. He soon moved to outdoor photography and he took a variety of
commissions around the San Francisco Bay area between 1856 and 1861. The images that would make him famous, however, were taken in 1861 of
the spectacular Yosemite region. These photographs won praise throughout the United States and even in Europe. Although Watkins is best
known for his Yosemite images, he traveled throughout the West Coast and in other western states in the 1860s, 1870s and 1880s. Watkins
was, however, a poor businessman and he suffered a series of setbacks financially and personally and at one point he and his family were
living in a railroad car. He was fortunate though to have the support of Collis Huntington, Josiah D. Whitney and others who supported him
fiscally and encouraged him artistically.
Jack Hillers career as a photographer began in 1871 after John Wesley Powell hired him as a boatman for Powell's second expedition down the
Colorado River. Hillers became interested in photography and worked as the assistant to E.O. Beaman, Clem Powell, and James Fennemore. None
of these men, however, were completely satisfactory and Hillers became Powell's lead photographer in 1873. Hillers faithfully worked for
Powell as part of the United States Geological Survey throughout the 1870s and later in Washington D.C. in the 1880s and 1890s. He is best
known for his images of the Colorado Plateau and Southwest Indians.
Eadweard Muybridge grew up in England and emigrated to the United States in 1851. Eventually he made his way to San Francisco and worked as
a book dealer. Muybridge gradually become interested in photography and in the late 1860s he dedicated himself to landscape photography.
Between 1867 and 1877 Muybride traveled along the West Coast and into Nevada and Utah. His most famous images are of the Yosemite Valley,
San Francisco, and the 1873 Modoc Indian War. In the 1870s he increasinly dabbled in motion-picture studies. He would eventually move to
Philadelphia to continue his ground-breaking studies of locomotion.
Consists of forty-seven original stereo-views (two identical images printed side by side that appear three-dimensional when placed in a
stereoscopic viewer) that were taken of sights along the Union Pacific or Central Pacific Railroads in Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and
California as well as a few general views in Utah (especially Salt Lake City), Oregon, Idaho, Colorado, and Arizona. Also included are several
Native American portraits and views of Yellowstone National Park. Many photographers are represented in this collection including Andrew Joseph
(A.J.) Russell, William Henry Jackson, Charles William (C.W.) Carter, Carleton Watkins, John K. (Jack) Hillers, William Bell, and
Use of the Collection
Restrictions on Access : Restrictions
No restrictions on use, except: not available through interlibrary loan.
Restrictions on Use : Copyright
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances.
Permission to publish material from the 19th Century Western Stereo-views Collection
must be obtained from the Special Collections Photo Curator and/or the Special
Collections Department Head.
Permission to publish material from the 19th Century Western Stereo-views Collection> must
be obtained from the Special Collections Photograph Curator and/or the Special Collections
Preferred Citation :
Initial Citation: P0349; 19th Century Western Stereo-views
Collection; Photograph Collections Special Collections and Archives. Utah State
University Merrill-Cazier Library. Logan, Utah.
Following Citations:P0349, USUSC.
Processing Note :
Processed in December of 2005, revised in 2006, and May 2013.
Acquisition Information :
Most of the images were purchased from dealers or individuals, 2001-2007
1:10:01: "Views on Winslow Creek. This stream heads on
the southern slope of the Aquarius Plateau, Utah Territory, flows south and
east along the slope of the Escalante Fold, and empties into the Escalante
River. A Canon. No. 163"
1:10:02: "Views on the Colorado River. Grand Canon
Series. This Canon is 217 1/2 miles in length and from 4,500 to 6,200 feet
deep. The Chasm of the Colorado. No. 227."
1:10:03: "Views on Water Pocket Creek. This stream heads
at the foot of what is known as the Great Fold, in Utah Territory, runs along
its base, and empties into the Colorado River. No. 180"
1:10:04: "Indians of the Colorado Valley. No. 18. Kai-Vav-Its.
A tribe of the Pai Utes, living on the Kai-bab Plateau, near the Grand Conon of the Colorado,
in Norhtern Ariozona. Pile of Little Indians"
1:10:05: "Indians of the Colorado Valley. U-IN-TA Utes. Living in the U-in-ta
Valley, on the Western Slope of the Wasatch Mountains, in Utah. Home of An-te ro. No. 113."
1:10:06: "Indians of the Colorado Valley. No. 77 U-IN-TA Utes. Living in the U-in-ta
Valley, on the Western Slope of the Wasatch Mountains, in Utah. Breaking Up Camp."
1:10:07: "Indians of the Colorado Valley. No. 107. U-IN-TA Utes. Living in the U-in-ta
Valley, on the Western Slope of the Wasatch Mountains, in Utah. The Boy in the Cedar."